A Software tester is a specific individual that check the errors, viruses, faults or any other problem relating to software that can harm an application or computer software.
Moreover, software testers are usually a member of a software development team and, have manual or automatic testing techniques to test the software. Software testing is necessary to ensure the quality and efficiency of the product. Hence, the software passes through the development and operation teams, where they are developed, tested, and delivered using different techniques.
What does a software tester do?
To reduce the risk of viruses, poor performance and interface issues, software tester performs many testing at different software development levels. Also, they test the maintenance, performance, usability, regression or load, etc. of a software.
Besides, they work to look for the bugs that sometimes hide in software. By using different techniques or software, they can fix, manage, or validate bugs.
Software testers have importance in saving users from faulty or bugged software that slows their work. Moreover, they make software that is presentable, by ensuring virus-free software and works very well.
Responsibilities of Software Tester:
Every company defines different responsibilities for a software tester, but there are few significant responsibilities of a tester that you will always find in the software tester job description.
- Preparation of test scenario and reviewing the software requirements.
- Performing test on software usability.
- Analyze the test result about the bugs, errors, and usability.
- Organize a report about all the testing conducted on software and send it to the development team.
- Interact with customer to know about the product issue.
- Giving regular updates to the project manager about the progress of tests.
- Providing an idea or review of requirements, product design, and issues.
Software testing tools
Several software testing tools are available in the market and are useful in several places while testing a software product. These tools can be categorized as:
- Static testing tools
- Dynamic testing tools.
Static testing tools:
Static testing tools test the software without executing it. It just analyzes the code, documentation for syntax and checks the consistency. Static testing can be automated and manual. Static testing tools examine and test the program’s source code and highlight the statements, undefined symbols, or variables, and check the program’s flaws. Apart from this, static testing tools don’t interfere with the execution of the program.
The next category is dynamic testing tools which interact with the software during execution and provide valuable information to software testers about the product. The important purpose of dynamic testing tools is to check the software is working correctly or not.
There is another way of categorizing software testing tools including:
- Open source tools
- Vendor tools and
- In House Tools.
Open source tools
These tools are free to use frameworks and applications with source code available on the internet for other people. If we look at the advantages of these tools, they don’t have license cost, easily modified.
However, the disadvantage is that their tools don’t provide reliable technical support, new features may not work correctly, and very little education is available to use these tools. For example, you have selenium, JMeter, Katalon studio, Appium, Robotium, Cucumber, Watir, and many more.
Vendor tools are paid tools and developed by companies along with the license. As they are not free tools, they provide technical support to their users whenever and where they face any issues. New features work correctly in vendor tools as some companies develop them. Popular vendor tools are Renault, silk test, QTP, and rational robot, and many more.
In House Tools
In-house tools are the tools that a company builds for their personal use, and these tools are not available in markets. Big companies mostly prefer to use their private tools and avoid using open source and vendor tools.
We can also categorize tools based on their purposes like agile testing tools, automation testing tools, mobile testing tools, load testing, and test management tools. There are thousands of testing tools under each category.
Agile testing tools
Agile testing tools follow the criteria of agile software development. Agile testing tools are not used after the coding phase, but it is used continuously. Agile testing tools increase the testing credibility companies prefer to use agile software development methodologies such as Krump, extreme programming, and XP for their projects.
Automation testing tools
Automation testing tools are a must-tool for some software projects to ensure the functionality of the product. It can run a large number of tests efficiently in a short period. HP UFT, selenium, Water are professionally used testing tools.
Mobile testing tools
Mobile applications have become more important for businesses. There are various tools available online that help testers build their tests for mobile devices. Appium Studio, Appium, SeeTest, eggplant, test complete, and Kobiton are famous mobile testing tools.
Five Tips on How to become a software tester:
Software testing is an exciting field. Only a bachelor’s degree in computer or IT not necessary for a software tester. Experience, technical skills, and software tester certifications also more critical for the professional tester. Here, we will give you some essential tips that help you to become a pro software tester.
1- Basic knowledge about software testing
Testing reduces the risk of applications that do not match the expectation and standards of users. So, your main goal is to create the best user experience.
Focus on the issues that have more impact on the users. For instance, a billing app cracks every single time on billing a fee of 100 dollars or more is submitted. On the other side, if there is an issue of millisecond delay when users contribute more than three items on the same app. It has not such a negative impact on users as a first issue. So first one problem must resolve quickly.
2- Explore the software as a user
To become a successful software tester, you have to need to think like a user. Point out the problems that a user will face while using that particular software or an app. Here are few questions to keep in mind for this purpose, such as
- What users want from this app?
- Is it for personal or business apps?
- Is there anything that will bother the users?
- Is there any bug or programing fault that will slow down the app while it is used?
In short, you have to explore the app in the view of a user. If you can know users’ needs and wants, you will be a preferred tester for a software tester company.
3- Use of advanced tools
Many tools make software testing more easy and fast. Many software testing teams give access to open-source software that arranges them into a perfectly suited testing set for your project.
Automated testing software is a need of every professional tester that works daily. Because these tools increase the efficiency or productivity of your work. You have to keep the test short when using automated means. In this way, different setups can be checked within less time.
4- Software test on different devices
For the best user experience, you have to test software on multiple devices. Because user experience is changed on every system or device, ios apps should be tested on both iPad and iPhones. Those apps or software that run efficiently on iphone11 might not work on iPhone 9. Likely, the user experience will be different on desktop computers and android.
Successful software testing involves considering the looks and performance of the software on every system.
5- Report of test results
One of the best tips is to report all tests carried out and report them to the development team. To save money and time, you should make a clear and informative report. Moreover, analyze the final result and brief the findings and suggestions in your report.
Clear communication skills are also necessary for software tester. When the communication between you and the development team is clear, there will be chances of high productivity without any confusion.